CHEMICAL SAFETY TRAINING MODULES
The training modules introduce safe use of chemicals at workplaces, present classification systems for the labelling and transport of dangerous goods, allow the reading and use of chemical safety cards, give a basic overview of toxicology and disseminate information on selected, widely used, hazardous substances.
The Training Modules on Chemical Safety have been compiled in order to introduce safe use of chemicals at places of work, to present classification systems for the labelling and transport of dangerous goods, to allow the reading and use of chemical safety cards, to give a basic overview of toxicology and to disseminate information on selected, widely used, hazardous substances. It contains material usable in handouts, demonstrations and exercises, as well as slides, colour transparencies and diskettes containing text files and databases.
This training material is intended for those who need to widen their general knowledge of chemical safety.
It could be used by persons:
- who handle chemicals in their work;
- who have to decide on measures where chemical information is needed, such as workers
- safety representatives needing physical and chemical information on a specific substance
- and who guide and educate others in the handling and use of chemicals.
This training material consists of eight independent modules which cover the different areas of managing chemical hazards. The text is designed to be used as background material for training sessions and discussions.
A proposal for a timetable of a fiveday workshop is included to help the planning of training sessions. A shorter oneday training session can be designed according to the second proposal for a timetable.
Basics of chemical safety
- Introduction to safety in the use of chemicals
- What is toxicology
- Identification, classification and labelling of chemicals
- Chemical safety cards
- Transport and storage
- Major hazard chemicals
DEFINITION AND IMPACT OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
On completion you will be able to:
- Provide a definition of sustainable agriculture.
- Understand the impacts of various agricultural practices.
- Identify various sustainability practices.
Agriculture is a vital sector of the economy, mainly for the life sustaining products that it provides. On the other hand, it is a high-resource demand venture especially if it is carried out with an entrepreneurial approach. Its impact on the environment is wide and varied and call for specific measures, some of which attempt to strike a balance between production output and limiting environmental impact.
Environmental impacts of agriculture
- Land clearing for cultivation purposes leading to
– Loss of biodiversity
– Loss of natural habitats and potential human/wildlife conflicts
– Disruption of ecosystem balances and their functions
- Changes in regions reflectance and water balances
– Loss of forest cover leads to heat build ups
– Lack of vegetation, especially trees, means that less water is held underground
- Tillage of cropland
– Loosening of soil exposes it to erosion agents (water, wind)
– Loss of nutrients such as nitrogen from evaporative processes
– Creation of hard pan in ploughing
- Input demands for large scale/mechanized/entrepreneurial farming
– Pressure on natural resources such water (depletion of ground and surface reservoirs) and fossil fuels
(petrol for machines)
– High input of inorganic fertilizers and application of chemicals such as pesticides and herbicides
- Negative impacts on soils including:
– Loss of nutrients/fertility especially from reducing soil organic matter additions
– Changes in soil structure and soil chemistry
– Salination and alkalization from irrigation and inorganic fertilizers respectively
- Eutrophication of water bodies from:
– Inorganic fertilizer run-offs
– Excess manure run-offs
- Negative effect of applied chemicals including:
– Loss of useful insects such as the pollinators
– Possible impacts on human health
– Impact of chemical residuals in the ecosystem
- Narrowing of crop/animal diversity in favour of high yield varieties
- Potential for overgrazing and trampling of land in livestock areas
CONSTRUCTIONS SAFETY TRAINING MODULES
Information that will be helpful on the course.
- Safety and health policies
- Design guides for safety and health for construction works
- Examples of safety and health contract clauses
- Hazard and risk analyses
- Physical safety precautions (eg personal clothing and equipment)
- Welfare provision on project sites
- Site induction
- Other information on safety and health
The overall aim of this programme is to provide a comprehensive review of the duties of construction companies and the construction processes they use, which will provide a safe and healthy working environment for all involved in their construction projects, and to persuade those who participate in the programme to implement what they have learned when they return to their organisations.
At the end of this course, you should be able to:
- Give a persuasive presentation to major sub-contractors employed by construction companies for their projects to persuade them to adopt good occupational safety and health practices and procedures
- Propose a project management organisation for a given project to ensure that all those involved in the project will be in a safe and healthy environment.
- Draft an Occupational Safety and Health (OS&H) Policy for a specific organisation
- Draft an outline for a comprehensive OS&H management system for a specific organization
- Identify the main hazards and risks for a specific project
- List the main items for an OS&H Policy for a specific construction project
- List the main items for an OS&H Plan for a specific project
- Write an outline specification for an OS&H management system for a specific project. Make a general plan for the layout and welfare facilities for a specific project
- Identify the personal protective equipment that would be needed for a specific workplace and construction process
- Identify the main hazards that may arise from the use of a specific commonly used item of plant or equipment and explain how to minimize the risks that may arise
- Identify the main hazards that may arise from the use of a specific commonly construction process and explain how to minimise the risks
PREVENTION AND PROTECTION SERVICE RESPONSIBLE
The objective of this course is to allow employers (who have the R.S.P.P. role) to gain knowledge about:
- General and specific legislation in terms of safety and hygiene in workplaces,
- The various individuals of the company prevention system,
- Risks and damages related to work,
- Measures to eliminate or reduce risks and damages related to work,
- The content of the risk assessment document,
- Emergency management.
- LOW RISK
Low risk companies are those which operate in sectors such as trade, offices and services, craftsmanship, tourism
- MEDIUM RISK
Medium risk companies are those which operate in sectors such as agriculture, fishing, Public Administration, education, transportation, warehousing
- HIGH RISK
High risk companies are those which operate in sectors such as construction, food, wood, textile, manufacturing, energy and chemical industries, health and residential services
48 hours (high risk)
32 hours (medium risk)
16 hours (low risk)